An unsupervised video object segmentation algorithm, which discovers a primary object in a video sequence automatically, is proposed in this work. We introduce three energies in terms of foreground and background probability distributions: Markov, spatiotemporal, and antagonistic energies. Then, we minimize a hybrid of the three energies to separate a primary object from its background. However, the hybrid energy is nonconvex. Therefore, we develop the alternate convex optimization (ACO) scheme, which decomposes the nonconvex optimization into two quadratic programs. Moreover, we propose the forward-backward strategy, which performs the segmentation sequentially from the first to the last frames and then vice versa, to exploit temporal correlations. Experimental results on extensive datasets demonstrate that the proposed ACO algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art techniques significantly.
Won-Dong Jang, Chulwoo Lee, and Chang-Su Kim, "Primary Object Segmentation in Videos via Alternate Convex Optimization of Foreground and Background Distributions," in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), Las Vegas, NV, USA, pp. 696-704, Jun. 2016. [pdf] [supplementary video]